Myanmar (Burma), official name: Federal Republic of Myanmar. It is a country in Southeast Asia, northwest of the Sino-Indian peninsula.
Myanmar is an ancient country with great religious relics of scale and architectural sophistication. Typical is the Shwedagon golden pagoda in Yangon, the wonderful Kyaikhtiyo Golden Mountain temple in the ancient capital of Bago, or a massive 1000 temple complex in Bagan. In addition, Myanmar tourism also attracts foreign tourists by the pristine natural scenery, peace of Inle Lake, Ngapali Beach or unique practices such as the ancient people of Pa-O or continue to apply Thanaka cream. With these advantages, although only opened, Myanmar tourism is developing at a rapid pace.
1. Move: Vehicles, moving when traveling to Myanmar
- The aircraft is still the best means to move to Myanmar and even between locations in Myanmar.
- Moving inland Myanmar: Apart from air transport is the safest and most comfortable, you can also travel between Myanmar’s cities by bus. Remember to bring warm clothes because there are buses running at night, the air in the car is very cold. Taxi is a convenient means of transportation in cities. Meanwhile, the train system is degraded and the streets are not fully developed, making vehicles and motorbikes unsuitable for ordinary tourists.
2. Places for sightseeing and tourism in Myanmar
MANDALAY AND AGAINST AREA:
- Mandalay: Myanmar’s second largest city after Yangon, and is one of the most popular destinations and transit points with Myanmar tourists. Attractions include: Shwenandaw monastery made of wood, Kuthodaw Paya temple with the world’s largest book, Mandalay hill, Royal Palace, Mahamuni temple with real gold-leafed Buddha statue, Uebin bridge – tree The world’s longest wooden bridge and monastery in Amarapura.
- Mingun (Min Kun): The village is located north of Mandalay. Mingun is famous for Myanmar tourists thanks to the following relics and relics: Mingun bell – one of the heaviest and largest bells in the world, Mingun Pahtodawgyi stupa and white temple Hsinbyume / Myatheindan with Chinthe statues .
- Pyin oo Lwin: east of Mandalay is Pyin oo Lwin town located on a hill 1000 meters above sea level, which is a quite different destination of Myanmar tourism. Some notable attractions here are Kandawgyi National Park, Purcell Clock Tower in the style of Big Ben tower in London, Anisakan waterfall, Pwe Kauk waterfall and Pyeik Chin Miang cave.
- Mrauk-U: an important archaeological city near Myanmar’s western border. Marauk-U is the second largest temple temple of Myanmar tourism, just behind Bagan. The temple temple here is built of stone bricks, unlike mud and clay brick temples in Bagan. Typical temples are Shite-thaung, Htukkanthein, Koe-thaung, Andaw-thein, Lemyethna, Ratana and Ngu Nhan temple complex. The most spectacular and most archeological meaning is Shite-thaung pagoda.
- Sagaing: the city is located on the banks of the Ayeyarwady River, 20 km southwest of Mandalay. Sagaing owns many monasteries and temples, so it is suitable for pilgrimage sites of Myanmar tourism. Among the works in Sagaing, Kaung Hmu Daw golden dome-shaped monastery is completely different from the tower-shaped architectures.
- Inn Wa (Inhwa – Inwa): located south of Mandalay, used to be the former capital of Myanmar dynasties from the 14th to 19th centuries. Highlights are wooden Bagaya Kyaung monastery and Nanmyin leaning tower.
- Bagan: the center of Myanmar’s most famous temple temple, once the capital of the mighty Bagan kingdom. With over 2,000 temples left to date out of a total of 10,000 ancient religious architectures, Bagan is a must-see destination for tourists. The most typical temples of Bagan are Shwezigon golden temple, Ananda temple with 4 golden Buddha statues in 4 directions, Thatbyinnyu temple – the highest temple in Bagan, Shwegugyi temple and Shwesandaw temple – Buddha’s hair relics.
AREA AREA BETWEEN MANDALAY – YANGON ROAD:
- Inle Lake – Nyaung Shwe town: Inle Lake, also known as Lake Sea, is located in Nyaung Shwe town, which is one of the most famous places of Myanmar tourism. In addition to the wonderful scenery of Inle Lake, you can also visit the vineyards and wineries of Red Mountain, Pa-O highland village and Daw Oo Phaung temple with 5 Buddha statues filled with fine gold leaves.
- Nay Pyi Taw (Naypyidaw): the capital of Myanmar. Here you can see the buildings for Myanmar State, typically the magnificent Parliament building. There are also three giant statues of the kings of Anawrahta, Bayinnaung and Alaungpaya U Aung Zeya, along with the Uppatasanti peaceful temple, which houses the Buddha’s relics.
- Pyay: the town is located on the banks of the Ayeyarwady River, with the main attractions being the Shwesandaw sunset temple and the ancient Bawbawgyi temple.
YANGON AREA AND SOUTHERN REGION MYANMAR:
- Yangon: Myanmar’s largest city, is also a popular destination for Myanmar tourists. In Myanmar, there are also a lot of attractions such as Shwedagon Pagoda, Sule Pagoda, Thaketa Crocodile Farm, Bogyoke Aung San Market, Mingalar Market, 19th Street West Street, Botataung Pagoda, and Saint Mary’s Cathedral, Cathedral. Holy Trinity Cathedral, Mailamu Temple, Musmeah Yeshua Synagogue, Mahabadoola Garden, Inya Lake and Kandawgyi Lake. In which Shwedagon Pagoda is the most important place to visit: this is the place to store four Buddhist treasures including Kakusandha’s sticks, Konagamana’s water purification, Kassapa’s shirt, and 8 hairs of Buddha.
- The Bay of Bengal beaches: Myanmar tourism is only growing, but the pristine beaches in this country have begun to attract the attention of beach-loving tourists. The most famous beaches are Ngapali, Ngwe Saung, Chaungtha and Kanthaya. Ngapali Beach is most appreciated by clear blue water and smooth white sand.
- Bago: used to be the capital of the Taungoo Dynasty, Bago also preserved quite a number of monuments, including: Buddha statue lying Shwethalyaung Buddha, Hoang Than temple Shwemawdaw – Myanmar’s highest pagoda, Kyaik Pun temple has a 4-seat Buddha statue, Palace Kanbawzathadi Palace power of Taungoo dynasty, along with a variety of other temples such as Maha Kalyani, Mahazedi, Shwegugale and Snake Pagoda Pagoda. In particular, from Bago you can visit the famous place of Myanmar tourism: Kyaikhtiyo / Kyaiktiyo pagoda or Golden Mountain pagoda on the top of Kyaiktiyo hill.
- Mawlamyine: Myanmar’s fourth largest city. The most notable attraction that this Mawlamyine contributes to Myanmar tourism is the Nwa Le Bo / Nwa La Bo pagoda located on three unsteady stones. This temple is often compared to Kyaikhtiyo Golden Mountain Pagoda, although it attracts fewer visitors.
- Tea leaf salad (lephet / laphet)
Fermented tea leaves can be eaten as desserts, or can also be prepared for tea leaf salad. Tasty and slightly bitter tea leaves are mixed with cabbage, tomatoes, roasted beans, chili and garlic. This dish is eaten separately or eaten with delicious rice.
- Shan rice (russian htamin)
Russian Hatamin means that fish rice, this dish of Shan ethnic people includes rice cooked with turmeric, then compressed flat, sprinkled with freshwater fish and sprinkled with garlic oil. This dish is eaten with leek roots, raw garlic and deep fried pork skin, creating a characteristic pungent taste.
- Burmese curry (Burmese curry)
For this dish, you can choose curry made from beef, fish, shrimp, pork or lamb. Along with curry is a myriad of side dishes such as rice, salad, sautéed vegetables, soup, raw vegetables and boiled vegetables, served with a variety of different sauces.
- Food in Myanmar tea shop
Myanmar tea shops are not only a place to drink tea, but also a place to discover the cuisine of ethnic groups in this country. Tea shops of Myanmar ethnic groups have noodles or Burmese rice, including the dish of htamin thoke, a kind of rice salad. Meanwhile, the Indian / Muslim restaurant serves South Asian influences such as fried fried snacks samosas and poori (crispy fried bread served with potato curry) or nanbya toast (naan ). The Chinese restaurant is the most prominent of the sweet grilled dishes or the kind of steamed vermicelli, often seen in the style of dim sum.
- Sweet Myanmar snack
Unlike sweet dishes of the West, Myanmar’s sweet dishes, collectively called “moun”, are eaten as a snack snack rather than as a dessert. Moun is not sweet thanks to sugar but thanks to natural ingredients such as tender coconut, coconut milk, rice flour, glutinous rice, pearls and fruit. Some typical moun dishes are has nwin ma kin (semolina cake with coconut milk, buttermilk and raisins), bein moun and moun pyit thalet (pancake style Myanmar).
- Deep fried dishes
In Myanmar you will find crispy fried dishes everywhere. Typical dishes are buthi kyaw (gourd fried dough roll) used with sweet and sour sauce made from tamarind and bean flour.
- Shan tofu noodles
One of the most unique dishes in Myanmar is hto-hpu nwe, meaning “warm tofu”. The name is so, but this dish does not have tofu, but only porridge made from chickpeas chickpeas.
- Nangyi Thoke dry noodles
Nangyi Thoke consists of thick round noodles with chicken, sliced, sliced and some boiled eggs. The ingredients are marinated with grilled chicken pea flour, turmeric and chili oil, mix well and eat with vegetables and soup.
Myanmar’s quintessential national dish is Mohinga – a round rice noodles served with fish and onion broth, occasionally with crispy guts of banana trees. You can also add boiled eggs, fried vegetables akyaw, crispy lentils, lemon juice and dried peppers.
- Shan noodles
Shan ethnic noodles are made from rice, flat and thin fibers, dipped in pepper soup, served with chicken or pork. This dish also has a dry version of noodles.
4. Some note
- Myanmar New Year in April
Tet holiday of Myanmar is called Thingyan, or Tet falls in April every year, this year falls on April 13-16. The water fall festival lasts 4 days and in this time, all shops, restaurants, shops are closed. People throw water at each other to cleanse the misfortunes and sins in the old year.
- Internet is no longer banned but very slow
It was not until 2000 that the Internet was allowed to be used in Myanmar but at a very high price and with a slow connection speed. Phone rates are also higher than other Asian countries.
- Beach in Myanmar
Myanmar has 2,000 km of coastline and one of them is the most beautiful beaches in Asia. These beaches stretch on the shores of the Bay of Bengal, most of which are unspoiled. The most famous beach is Ngapali, 45 minutes from Yangon.
- Should bring lots of cash and keep them clean
There are very few ATMs in Myanmar so you need to bring a lot of cash. You also need to keep money very clean: no stains, no folds or even a little tear because even with only one fold, the currency also loses its value in Myanmar.
Credit cards can only be used in 5-star hotels or luxury restaurants.
Hotel room rates in Myanmar are quite high compared to the average level of Asian countries. Since Myanmar opened, there are many tourists heading to this country, but the number of hotels is still under construction, unable to meet all of these visitors and thus still keep the prices very high.
- Only eat with your right hand
Eating with your left hand in Myanmar is considered to be rude because the left hand is for personal hygiene only. So when holding food or giving money to someone, remember to bring your right hand.
Myanmar people use their fingers to squeeze rice into small pellets and mix them with other dishes. Buddhists do not eat beef, and Muslims do not eat pork.